Browsing Honors College by Issue Date "2016-05"
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- Item66 Church Street: A Profile of an Eighteenth Century Building in the Original Colonial Settlement of CharlestonAgid, Caroline; Butler, Christina RThis research documents a late colonial era building, including occupants and owners, building materials, context of setting, history of the lot prior to construction, historical context of the architectural style and form of the building, and evolution of the building over time.
- ItemA Collection of Japanese Short Stories -- Translated into English by Jayelon Lasseigne and Yoshiki ChikumaLasseigne, Jayelon; Chikuma, Yoshiki
- ItemA Re-examination of the Convergent and Divergent Validity of the Ruff Figural Fluency TestStohlman, Shelby L; Ross, Thomas P
- ItemA Spatial Analysis of Megalithic Art in the Boyne ValleyHowle, Carolyn; Newhard, JamesThe Boyne Valley Neolithic (4500-2500 BCE) tombs of Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth have long been viewed with curiosity and wonderment, due to their prominent, visual presence in the landscape. They have been studied through various theoretical lenses, thus becoming a case study for a variety of archaeological approaches to a single question: why were these monuments built? The analyses of these sites often centers on their petroglyphs. Understanding these structures and their use of motifs may help us to better realize the reasoning behind our own use of symbolism. In 1973, Claire O’Kelly compared the Boyne Valley petroglyphic motifs with those found in Brittany via the use of quantitative analysis. Using a nonrepresentational classification, O’Kelly determined that the more clearly representational art in Brittany did not relate to the symbols used in Ireland. Given that the study required extensive documentation and classification of the motifs, O’Kelly’s work became the de facto resource for identifying, contextualizing, and deriving meaning from the motifs found at the Boyne Valley tombs. Given that the classification system was established to compare the Boyne Valley remains to Brittany, O’Kelly’s methods may not have provided the most precise semiotic framework for understanding the rationale behind the petroglyphs and their spatial patterns and associations. Attempting to derive meaning from these glyphs will inherently be fraught with ambiguity. However, some success may be possible via a combined approach using cognitive processual archaeology, folklore, and spatial analysis. O’Kelly’s classification system was dis-aggregated, yielding a greater number of groups. Furthermore, every appearance of these motifs was counted, as opposed to only identifying each surface on which a motif appears. These data were then run through a kernel density function (KDF) to establish spatially significant concentrations. Spatial patterns at Dowth do not substantially differ between the two classification methods. However, a spatial differentiation between the two methods at Newgrange and Knowth appeared in which O’Kelly’s classifications and the new system shows great disparity in density locations. Cultural analysis of several of the glyphs, in combination with local folklore, points towards agricultural fertility symbolism as a possible theme at all three tombs.
- ItemA Tale of Two Southern Cities: Preservation Economics in Mobile, AL and Charleston, SCSanders, Bailey Stallworth; Tulla, Brittany Lavelle
- ItemAn Estranged Modernity: Oriental Revivals in Victorian ArchitecturePigott, Emily Joan; Walker, Nathaniel R
- ItemAn Historical Analysis of Present Revenue Recognition StandardsTurpin, Sarah; Daniels, Roger B
- ItemAnalysis of Complex Sand Waves in Raccoon Strait, San Francisco BayEaton, Mary; Sautter, LeslieCollege of Charleston BEAMS (Benthic Acoustic Mapping and Survey) Program students sailed aboard the eTrac, Inc. survey vessel S/V Pulse in December 2014 as part of a multibeam survey of Raccoon Strait, the channel separating Point Tiburon and Angel Island in San Francisco Bay. Multibeam data were processed using CARIS HIPS 9.0 software, revealing complex and dynamic bathymetry consisting of sand waves varying significantly in length, height, symmetry and orientation. Water depths within the strait range from 8 to 65 m and sand waves range in length from less than 5 m to more than 500 m, with one having a height exceeding 30 m. Wave symmetry, dimensions, and orientation were used to analyze the mechanisms influencing morphology including current direction, relative velocity, and channel width. Raccoon Strait is known to have some of the strongest tidal currents in the San Francisco Bay, due to both the narrow 1 km channel width and its proximity to the bay’s mouth. The strait’s southern margin sand waves are oriented northeastward towards the inside of the bay and northern margin sand waves are oriented southwestward towards the bay mouth, indicating forceful tidal currents in both flood and ebb directions, respectively. The distinctly different flow paths are the result of varying influences of both flood and ebb tidal currents acting within this large estuarine bay. This study shows how high resolution bathymetry can be used to study dynamic inshore sites. Repeated surveys of this area could be used to document migration of these large sand bodies.
- ItemAnalysis of Transgender YouTube VideosNielson, Matthew A; Curtis, Claire PThis big’ol project analyses transgender YouTube videos and engages with the YouTube transgender community through video creation and sharing. 33 of the first videos a transgender person might see are analyzed according to a normative rubric. This essay discusses the features that differentiate good, bad, and unique videos. This project includes the production of a YouTube channel and videos discussing transgender issues.
- ItemApplication of Methylation-Sensitive Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis to the Loggerhead Sea Turtle, Caretta caretta, and the American Alligator, Alligator mississippiensisKing, Katharine R; Shedlock, Andrew MMethylation-sensitive Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism genotyping was used to investigate alligator and turtle genomes in an effort to evaluate differential DNA methylation by sex. Genomic DNA extracted from whole blood was digested with EcoRI and either HpaII or MspI, isoschizomers with differing sensitivity to methylation. Fluorescently labeled primers plus three selective nucleotides were used to amplify a subset of the total fragment pool. Fragments were visualized and scored using the Beckman CEQ capillary electrophoresis system. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference between male and female samples in overall methylation for one of the three primer pairs tested on the alligator genome with males having higher levels of methylation (84%) than females (57%; p < 0.003). Our proof-of-principle results demonstrate that MS-AFLP complements standard AFLP diagnostics and can be integrated cost-effectively with indexed high-throughput DNA sequencing strategies for investigating methylation-sensitive mechanisms of gene control in temperature-dependent sex determining organisms.
- ItemAutotomization and Recovery in the Snapping Shrimp, <i>Alpheus angulosus<i>Cooney, Patricia; Korey, Christopher; Hughes, Melissa$The snapping shrimp (Alpheus spp.) exhibit extreme claw lateralization, presenting a large snapper and a small pincer, which are used for different behaviors. Like most crustaceans, the snapping shrimp is able to autotomize, or drop, limbs when threatened, and through subsequent molts, regenerate the lost limb. Though autotomy is costly in terms of loss of function and limb re-growth, failing to autotomize a limb could be deadly. In this study, we document the breakage plane of A. angulosus and examine variation in “drop latency”, or the latency to autotomize the snapper claw in response to a standardized physical threat. We measured drop latency of mature snapper claws in a large cohort of shrimp (n=96). We found autotomy to be responsive to threat type rather than threat duration among all shrimp. Specifically, autotomy occurrences were distributed in clusters around threat intensity changes, rather than normally distributed throughout threat time. We also found significantly longer drop latency in males than females, suggesting a greater cost of mature snapper autotomy to males (p=0.004). After initial snapper autotomy, we also measured latency to autotomize the regenerating claw based on molt stage. Surprisingly, transforming molt stages exhibited significantly shorter average drop latency than mature snapper autotomy (p=0.008). The breakage plane in this species differs from that of related organisms, suggesting interesting implications for phylogenetic divisions in crustacean anatomy. Our assessment of mature snapper and transforming claw autotomy behaviors provides insight into the costs of autotomy and the differing values of these claws throughout individuals’ lives. Through these perspectives, we present the evolutionary costs of autotomy and transformation in the snapping shrimp.
- ItemBiomechanical Differences in Ground Reaction Force Between Squat Jumps and Countermovement JumpsCox, Lindsay Marie; Barfield, William R
- ItemBirth in a Global Context: The United States System of Childbirth Compared to Japan & the NetherlandsBishop, Ashlan Brooke; Delay, Cara
- ItemBrand Loyalty and Response Volatility: An Empirical StudyDowling, Kaitlyn M; Litvin, Stephen WAs the consumer generated media (CGM) on TripAdvisor.com remains a strong influence over potential consumers, and hotels believe their frequent return guests have positive perspectives of the brand, it was important to investigate and see if there was a difference between brand loyalist and non-brand loyalist reviewing habits. This study searched for a difference in the volatility of ratings the two groups of contributors had given to hotels to see if there was any evident unknown bias from the brand loyalist group. It was found that there was not a significant difference in the volatility of ratings between the groups, however it was found that the less volatile a contributor’s ratings are, the more likely they are to have a higher average rating. Of the two groups, the brand loyalists had a stronger correlation between average rating and response volatility.
- ItemCanine Periodontal Disease Treatment and PreventionWigley, Jessica L; Meyer-Bernstein, Elizabeth; Stewart DVM, Artise $The objective of this study is to determine which oral health care products should be recommended for effective at-home treatment and prevention of canine periodontal disease. Six canine oral health products were compared on canine patients of East Cooper Animal Hospital over a 6-week period. Initial and final dental indices of plaque, tartar, gingival severity, and periodontal diseased teeth were determined and compared to determine effectiveness. Tooth brushing showed the most benefits in preventing periodontal infection by reducing plaque build-up, tartar accumulation, and gingival redness. Furthermore, all owners that completed the survey followed instructions given by their veterinarians. By understanding owner limitations and clearly explaining the risks of periodontal disease, veterinarians can play a significant role in maintaining a dog’s oral health, and could influence whether or not a dog develops dental disease during its lifetime. Additionally, systemic disease development can be prevented with maintenance of good canine oral hygiene on behalf of the veterinarian and the owner.
- ItemChildren's Memory and Suggestibility for a Past Event is Influenced By Mother's Memory Sharing Style and ControlGardner, Grace; Principe, Gabrielle
- ItemCloud Payment Processing without Ritualistic SacrificesPiazza, Matt; Olmsted, AspenThe Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS, or simply PCI) governs the many security standards associated with payment card payment interactions. Point of sale systems in today’s brick-and-mortar storefronts fall woefully short of these standards at every step of the transaction work flow. They commonly use outdated desktop computers and store card data locally in plaintext. Backups of these systems, if kept at all, are often stored on unsecured removable media. If we can move some of the payment infrastructure away from the merchant to a central web service, then we can reduce the responsibility of the merchant.
- ItemCombating Joy of Destruction via Prosocial BehaviorDiamond, Zach; Blackwell, Calvin; Meyer-Bernstein, Elizabeth$
- ItemCUBAN TRADE AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION: AN ANALYSIS OF COMMERCIAL AND ECONOMIC TRENDSPrioleau, William Fripp; Friedman, Douglas; France, Hollis$