Sexual Assualt Reporting and Negative Psychological Outcomes among Adolescents
An overview of current literature on sexual assault is provided. The present study addresses reporting rates of adolescent victims of sexual assault and resulting effects on negative mental health outcomes such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive episodes (MDE). Data from the National Survey of Adolescents were analyzed. Results show significantly greater occurrence of PTSD and MDE in sexual assault victims than in non-victims. Differences in PTSD and MDE between victims of sexual assault who report assaults to police and those who do not were not statistically significant. Future research and policy implications of this research are discussed.
Sexual assault, adolescents, reporting, posttraumatic stress disorder, major depressive episodes