Browsing Bachelor's Essays by Issue Date "2013-05"
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- ItemA Semiotic Approach to Ancient Greek Religious Accessories(2013-11-05) Van Arsdale, Alice; Gentile, Kristen; Gulizio, Joann$
- ItemAchilles Tendon Ruptures: a review of the literature(2013-11-05) Newman, Christin; Barfield, William R
- ItemAn Analysis of the Biological and Physical Relationships in the Coral Reefs of Menjangan Island: Effect of Decling Coral Cover on Ecological Complexity(2013-11-04) Lehman, Amber Pearl; Dustan, PhillipReef rugosity, the standard index of coral reef physical complexity, has classically been determined as the ratio between a taught rope and a chain draped onto the substrate of a reef. A new method of measuring reef rugosity, termed Digital Reef Rugosity has recently been pioneered by Phillip Dustan. It is believed, as is true with other biological communities, that increased habitat complexity in a coral population will lead to an increased fish species diversity. The Biosphere Foundation carried out a four month expedition to Bali, Indonesia to access the vitality of Menjangan Island's coral reefs. We found that Balinese coral reefs with greater structural complexity (rugosity) contain more fish most probably due to increased niche diversity. Additionally, reefs with more diverse coral communities also tend to have greater fish species diversity. Thus both physical and biological complexity are significant components of coral reef ecological integrity. However, the correlation between coral and fish biodiversity degrades as a function of decreasing coral cover. Weakening coral and fish diversity relationships with decreasing coral cover may indicate a “tipping point” where the coral reef communitiy begins to collapse.
- ItemARTIST’S PERSPECTIVES ON ENTREPRENEURIAL OPPORTUNITY AND SUCCESS(2013-11-04) Harbeck, Allison Kate; Hansen, David
- ItemBehavioral and molecular analyses of biological rhythms in Nematostella vectensis(2013-11-05) McPherson, Erin; Meyer-Bernstein, Elizabeth
- ItemBehavioral Changes and Morphological Plasticity in the Prefrontal Cortex during Neuropathic Pain(2013-11-04) Hughes, Hannah Alicia; Meyer-Bernstein, Elizabeth; Riegel, Arthur C.$Chronic pain is a serious public health problem that is often intractable to known therapies. While cellular adaptations that occur in the periphery and spinal cord are fairly well-understood, less is known about adaptations that occur in the brain that alter how pain is perceived. Neuropathic pain is associated with the development of an affective state, and that state shapes ongoing cognitive and emotional processes. The first goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the onset of sensory pain and the development of the affective component. To evaluate these factors, we used the spared nerve injury (SNI) model for neuropathic pain in rats. Following SNI, we measured the pain threshold (allodynia) elicited by Von Frey filaments and evaluated ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs, 22KHz). We showed that there is an immediate and constant reduction in the pain threshold following SNI; however, USVs develop over time. This indicates that the affective component of pain develops after a prolonged period of sensory pain. Pain-related affect is mediated by the prefrontal cortex. The second goal of this study was to evaluate cellular adaptions that occur in the PFC that may contribute to the development of the affective component of pain. Immunocytochemical studies by collaborators show that there is increased expression of c-Fos in the contralateral prelimbic (PrL) region of rat prefrontal cortex following SNI, and that expression is colocalized to the expression of CaMKII. These results suggest that glutamatergic pyramidal cells are affected by SNI, and electrophysiological studies in these cells show that they are hyperexcitable. This study evaluated the dendritic spine population in PrL pyramidal cells following SNI. As a control experiment, we evaluated dendritic spines on pyramidal cells in the visual cortex. We showed an increase in the population of filopodia spines at day 30 and long thin spines at days 7 and 30 post-SNI. There was no change in the spine population in the visual cortex. Long thin spines have been referred to as “learning” spines because they are preferential sites for LTP, and this pain-induced increase in spine density may reflect a mechanism for “learning” of pain-related affect.
- ItemCircadian Rhythms of Temperature Entrainment in <i>Nematostella vectensis</i>(2013-11-04) James, Melissa Rebecca; Meyer-Bernstein, Elizabeth LWe have been investigating the circadian system of the sea anemone, <i>Nematostella vectensis</i> to determine if temperature can act as a temporal cue to the circadian clock. The animals’ locomotor activity was initially synchronized to a 24hr photoperiod, and subsequently exposed to a temperature cycle (22:32 degrees C). We have found that temperature can be effective in synchronizing the circadian clock in <i>N. vectensis</i> and that the animals are more active in the cooler temperatures. In addition to the behavioral analysis, we have recently identified a temperature sensitive protein, hyperoxidized peroxiredoxin, which regulates peroxidase levels and oscillates with temperature in erythrocytes. Our preliminary results suggest that this protein expression could oscillate in expression with temperature cycles in <i>N. vectensis</i>. We plan to identify components of the temperature entrainment pathway that provide input to the molecular clock. This will offer insight into the circadian system of Cnidarians and circadian clock evolution.
- ItemColonial Powder Magazines in South Carolina: A Comparative Analysis of the Magazines at Fort Dorchester and Downtown Charleston(2013-11-05) Winkelmann, Brieanna; Borg, Barbara
- ItemCommunity Displacement in Peru(2013-11-04) Huey, Zachary S; Huber, BradThe bachelor's essay provides an overview of current mining practices in Peru. It provides an in depth look at the stakeholders and how mining, as of now, has resulted in environmental damage and civil unrest in the region. The conclusion is change is possible by ensuring the communities affected by the mining sites gain a greater share of the profits, and a more prominent position in deciding future mineral development.
- ItemCuban Art & the Development of a National Identity(2013-11-04) Blayney, Nancy; Friedman, Douglas
- ItemCyber-physical Architecture, Cloud Computing and Mobility: The Vertical Design of a Sensor-Based, Microcontroller System Incorporating Predictive Analytics(2013-11-04) Binnicker, William Woodrow; Starr, Chris
- ItemDemonstration of the Efficacy of Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid in the Treatment of X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy(2013-06-05) Amweg, Kimber Marie; Overby, Jason
- ItemDrivers of Change in Military Integration Policy(2013-11-04) Legette, Chelsea; Ford , LynneThis paper examines what drives change in the personnel policy of the United States military, especially with regard to integrating minority groups into the armed forces. This paper will first lay out the existing research regarding institutional change, as well as the existing research regarding race, sexual orientation, and gender in the military. I will then discuss three different case studies of integration in the military: race, sexual orientation, and gender. I will examine four specific drivers of change in military personnel policy: public opinion, civilian activists, institutional support, and performance in combat. This paper seeks to answer the question of which of those four drivers was most influential in each case, and why that was the most influential driver of change.
- ItemEcotourism: A Study of Purchase Proclivity Revisited Across Time and Space(2013-11-05) Pedemonti, Francesca; Litvin, Stephen W
- ItemEnvisioning A Successful and Empowering Model of Sex Education in South Carolina(2013-11-05) Porter, Meredith Margaret; Hladky, Kathleen; DeMaria, Andrea $
- ItemFatherland: Left-wing terrorism presented as the continuation of National Socialist patriarchy in Fassbinder's Die dritte Generation and von Trotta's Die bleierne Zeit(2013-11-05) Rhodes, Stephanie Ann; Nenno, Nancy
- ItemForensic DNA genotyping of pelagic marine fish larvae sampled across the Western North Atlantic Continental Shelf(2013-07-19) Cole, Amanda M; Shedlock, Andrew MThis project generated an archive of purified genomic DNA from 300 pelagic marine fish larvae collected through the CofC Transects program from November 2003-November 2005 at 20 oceanic sampling stations spanning the continental shelf of South Carolina. High phenotypic plasticity of open-ocean larval organisms prohibits their reliable identification by conventional morphological character analysis. Therefore PCR amplification and DNA sequencing of Cytochrome Oxidase subunit 1 (CO1), a mitochondrial protein encoding gene, and the non-coding mitochondrial D-loop was used to forensically genotype larvae at two distinct loci. Of the 300 samples processed, over 100 yielded clean target sequences. PCR products were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis prior to sequencing, and online BLAST-based informatics of genomic data revealed taxonomic diversity of more than 25 distinct families of fishes. These successful genotyping results are being integrated with physical oceanography and biogeography to help bridge a large gap in our ability to model juvenile recruitment and community dynamics of ecologically important pelagic fish populations.
- ItemForever Isn't Long Enough to Love You: The Happy Ending as an Endorsement of Progressive Love in 21st Century Romance Fiction(2013-07-19) Etman, Colleen; Francis, Conseula
- ItemFreaking Fatness through History: Critical Intersections of Fatness and Disability(2013-06-05) Cantrell, Amber; Piepmeier, AlisonThis project seeks to explore the connections that are possible between the fields of fat studies and disability studies. Fat studies problematizes the common cultural reading of the fat body as “bad” and medicalized body. Notions of “bad” and pathologized bodies are also explored in disability studies scholarship. However, few scholars are exploring what possibilities lie in the intersection of these two fields of inquiry. In this paper, I will focus on both the historical and modern freak show as platforms for the display of the fat figure. In the first chapter I discuss how historical freak shows provide insight into the construction of the fat figure and the meaning of fatness throughout the nineteenth century. In the second chapter, I shift the lens of analysis from fat women in the historical freak show to portrayals of fatness in the twenty-first century in the reality television show, The Biggest Loser. These two freak show platforms highlight the changing meaning of the fat figure and challenge dominant assumptions about the fat body, proposing instead that the fat figure viewed as a disabled body enables subversive discourse and solidarity.