Sallie Chapin and the WCTU in the New South, 1880-1896
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Sallie Chapin's professional career provided her with the platform to use rhetoric to negotiate gender and race in the New South. Chapin negotiated gender by affirming the female role of home protector and demonstrating that women had much to contribute to politics and society. Chapin used the social role of moral arbiter to create a public space for women in reform. Her discussions of race showed that she remained unapologetic for the Old South while still forging enough common ground on the issue of temperance with African American men and women allowing her to work with them. Chapin manipulated race issues for her own agenda. Chapin took a condescending, paternalistic view of race that appeared non-‐threatening to white supremacy while still trying to encourage temperance for blacks as a method of racial uplift.